menu icon

Onhlp.com

signin icon
close menu icon
ASK ME!

Home - Electronics

Motherboard technology, motherboards includes and Top Manufacturers

Motherboard technology, motherboards includes and Top Manufacturers

A motherboard (alternatively known as the mainboard, main circuit board, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose computers and other expandable systems. It holds, and allows communication between, many of the crucial electronic components of a system, such as the central processing unit (CPU) and memory, and provides connectors for other peripherals. Unlike a backplane, a motherboard usually contains significant sub-systems such as the central processor, the chipset's input/output and memory controllers, interface connectors, and other components integrated for general purpose use and applications.

Motherboard specifically refers to a PCB with expansion capability and, as the name suggests, this board is often referred to as the "mother" of all components attached to it, which often include peripherals, interface cards, and daughtercards: sound cards, video cards, network cards, hard drives, or other forms of persistent storage; TV tuner cards, cards providing extra USB or FireWire slots and a variety of other custom components.

A motherboard provides the electrical connections by which the other components of the system communicate. Unlike a backplane, it also contains the central processing unit and hosts other subsystems and devices.

A typical desktop computer has its microprocessor, main memory, and other essential components connected to the motherboard. Other components such as external storage, controllers for video display and sound, and peripheral devices may be attached to the motherboard as plug-in cards or via cables; in modern microcomputers it is increasingly common to integrate some of these peripherals into the motherboard itself.

An important component of a motherboard is the microprocessor's supporting chipset, which provides the supporting interfaces between the CPU and the various buses and external components. This chipset determines, to an extent, the features and capabilities of the motherboard.

Modern motherboards include:

  • Sockets(or slots) in which one or moremicroprocessorsmay be installed. In the case of CPUs inball grid arraypackages, such as theVIA C3, the CPU is directly soldered to the motherboard.
  • Memory Slots into which the system's main memory is to be installed, typically in the form ofDIMMmodules containingDRAMchips
  • Achipsetwhich forms an interface between the CPU'sfront-side bus, main memory, and peripheral buses
  • Non-volatile memorychips (usuallyFlash ROMin modern motherboards) containing the system'sfirmwareorBIOS
  • Aclock generatorwhich produces the systemclock signalto synchronize the various components
  • Slots forexpansion cards(the interface to the system via the buses supported by the chipset)
  • Power connectors, which receive electrical power from the computerpower supplyand distribute it to the CPU, chipset, main memory, and expansion cards. As of 2007, somegraphics cards(e.g.GeForce 8andRadeon R600) require more power than the motherboard can provide, and thus dedicated connectors have been introduced to attach them directly to the power supply.
  • Connectors for hard drives, typicallySATAonly.

Bootstrapping using the Basic Input/Output System

Motherboards contain some non-volatile memory to initialize the system and load some startup software, usually an operating system, from some external peripheral device. Microcomputers such as the Apple II and IBM PC used ROM chips mounted in sockets on the motherboard. At power-up, the central processor would load its program counter with the address of the boot ROM and start executing instructions from the ROM. These instructions initialized and tested the system hardware displayed system information on the screen, performed RAM checks, and then loaded an initial program from a peripheral device. If none was available, then the computer would perform tasks from other memory stores or display an error message, depending on the model and design of the computer and the ROM version. For example, both the Apple II and the original IBM PC had Microsoft Cassette BASIC in ROM and would start that if no program could be loaded from disk.

Motherboard technology CPU sockets

A CPU socket (central processing unit) or slot is an electrical component that attaches to a Printed Circuit Board (PCB) and is designed to house a CPU (also called a microprocessor). It is a special type of integrated circuit socket designed for very high pin counts. A CPU socket provides many functions, including a physical structure to support the CPU, support for a heat sink, facilitating replacement (as well as reducing cost), and most importantly, forming an electrical interface both with the CPU and the PCB. CPU sockets on the motherboard can most often be found in most desktop and server computers (laptops typically use surface mount CPUs), particularly those based on the Intel x86 architecture. A CPU socket type and motherboard chipset must support the CPU series and speed.


Topmotherboardmanufacturers

  • ASRock
  • Asus
  • Biostar
  • EVGA Corporation
  • Gigabyte Technology
  • MSI (Micro-Star International)

Chipsets for motherboards

  • AMD
  • Redpine Signals
  • Intel
  • Nvidia
  • ServerWorks
  • Silicon Integrated Systems
  • VIA Technologies

TopCPUmanufacturers

  • AMD
  • Intel

Top Hard disk drivemanufacturers

  • Seagate Technology
  • Toshiba
  • Western Digital

Top Drive controller cards / RAID cards

  • 3ware
  • Adaptec
  • Asus
  • Areca Technology
  • ATTO Technology
  • Dell
  • Intel
  • LG
  • LSI
  • PNY
  • Promise Technology
  • StarTech.com

Top Optical disc drives (ODDs)

  • Asus
  • Hitachi-LG Data Storage(HLDS)
  • LG Electronics
  • Panasonic
  • Philips & Lite-on Digital Solutions Corporation
  • Optiarc
  • Pioneer
  • Sony Corporation
  • TEAC
  • Toshiba Samsung Storage Technology

Top Motherboard FAN Manufacturers

  • Aigo
  • Antec
  • Armageddon
  • Be quiet!
  • Corsair
  • Cooler Master
  • Deepcool
  • Delta Electronics
  • Ebm-papst
  • Inventec
  • Minebea(NMB)
  • Nidec
  • Noctua
  • Scythe
  • Thermaltake
  • Zalman

Top Motherboard Video cards (graphics cards) Manufacturers

  • Asus
  • AMD
  • Biostar
  • Chaintech
  • Club 3D
  • Colorful
  • Diamond Multimedia
  • ECS
  • ELSA Technology
  • EVGA Corporation
  • Foxconn
  • Gainward
  • Gigabyte Technology
  • HIS
  • Hercules Computer Technology, Inc.
  • Leadtek
  • Matrox
  • Nvidia
  • MSI
  • Palit
  • PNY
  • Point of View
  • PowerColor
  • S3 Graphics
  • Sapphire Technology
  • SPARKLE
  • XFX
  • Zotac


Published: Sunday, April 26, 2020 Viewed view icon 51 times.

Ask me about:

Rate this:
Raiting: 5.0 / Total: 4

Comments / Discussions

You must sign in to use this section.
RadiantDreamer (3/29/2024 2:28:01 PM):
helpful thanks🖐
Jordan Collins (12/22/2023 7:25:05 AM):
I am satisfied with the clarification provided👁.. Excellent read 🧐🤙
Oliver_TX (12/18/2023 11:53:06 PM):
Explanation was informative👄.. Engaging read 🐴😅 👄 Well-researched 👍 😉
Casey Bennett (12/14/2023 2:11:23 PM):
have a nice day! 🌞 🏖 🐳👋
Peyton Turner (12/11/2023 4:59:58 AM):
helpful thanks💙.. Explanation met expectations🙌 ✍ Well-crafted 🐶 📝
Joe (12/3/2023 3:51:36 PM):
I found the article to be very insightful and informative 😗 🌜👏.. Well-crafted 🐶 📝👌 👏 Unbelievable
James (11/30/2023 1:59:21 AM):
Explanation was clear and concise👌
Oliver_TX (11/25/2023 3:38:43 PM):
awesome! 👏 ✌ 🤙 ⭐😇
brandon1977MD (11/21/2023 12:24:17 AM):
The information exceeded my expectations🙂.. Explanation exceeded my expectations✔ 🙂 Explanation met expectations
Skylar Brooks (10/31/2023 12:08:59 AM):
Incredible🏼.. I found the article to be very well-written and well-researched 👍😈 🐵 I am content with the explanation
LunarLion (7/20/2023 4:36:42 PM):
The information was very helpful and I am grateful🐉
Alfred NE28 (6/17/2023 11:35:31 AM):
Great resource for finding quick answers. ✌👀 👀 👌
ethan31 (5/13/2023 3:55:00 AM):
Thought-provoking 😇😏 😎 🐵
Theodore MO19 (3/15/2023 7:30:56 AM):
I appreciated the insights in the article ✌👐 ✔ 👀.. Well-written and thought-provoking 🌷👐 ✔ 👐 ✔ 👀 Exceptional 😗
Jennifer (4/27/2020 3:11:19 PM):
Is AMD or Intel faster?
Expert (4/27/2020 3:11:27 PM):

Intel's top CPUs cost more than their AMD counterparts, especially once you add in a decent cooler, but they're often a bit faster in games. AMD meanwhile is able to trounce Intel when it comes to multithreaded applications

Patricia (4/27/2020 3:10:49 PM):
What is a good CPU speed?
Expert (4/27/2020 3:10:56 PM):

A clock speed of 3.5 GHz to 4.0 GHz is generally considered a good clock speed for gaming but it's more important to have good single-thread performance. This means that your CPU does a good job of understanding and completing single tasks. This is not to be confused with having a single-core processor

Charlotte (4/27/2020 3:10:01 PM):
What is a good CPU percentage?
Expert (4/27/2020 3:10:08 PM):

If you're sitting idle, it can be as little as 3%. If you're gaming you can be anywhere between 20 and 80% depending on the game, even spiking up to near 100% at times is sill deemed normal. Now you shouldn't be standing stagnant at +95% for long periods of time, unless for a specific reason

Madison (4/27/2020 3:09:29 PM):
What are the functions of hard disk?
Expert (4/27/2020 3:09:36 PM):

The main function of hard disk is to store data for long term and data can be computer's operating systems, applications, documents, personal files and so on. Now the main thing that need to notice that how much amount of data storage capacity hard drive have and that measured in gigabytes or terabytes.

Abigail (4/27/2020 3:06:39 PM):
What is the best brand of hard drive?
Expert (4/27/2020 3:06:46 PM):

Seagate
The most well-known hard drive brands include Seagate, Western Digital, Toshiba and Hitachi, while others such as Samsung, SanDisk and G-Tech also offer sleek and powerful external storage or solid state drives

Sophia (4/27/2020 3:05:41 PM):
Which type of hard drive is fastest?
Expert (4/27/2020 3:05:55 PM):

Seagate just announced its new 12TB BarraCuda Pro 3.5-inch hard drive, which becomes the world's fastest and highest-capacity desktop hard drive

Margaret (4/27/2020 1:42:51 PM):
How much RAM do I need for gaming?
Expert (4/27/2020 1:43:00 PM):

First, consider the total capacity of memory you're looking for. We recommend a minimum of 16GB for most PCs (it's what we use in our high-end PC build) but it isn't too costly to upgrade to 32GB these days which provide a hefty buffer if you're inclined to multitasking.

Lily (4/27/2020 1:41:10 PM):
How much RAM do I need?
Expert (4/27/2020 1:41:18 PM):

In general, we recommend at least 4GB of RAM and think that most users will do well with 8GB. Choose 16GB or more if you're a power user, if you run today's most demanding games and applications, or if you simply want to make sure you're covered for any future needs.

Joseph (4/27/2020 1:39:47 PM):
Which motherboard is best for gaming?
Expert (4/27/2020 1:40:11 PM):

Top 5 Best Gaming Motherboards
ASRock B450M PRO4 MicroATX Motherboard.
GIGABYTE Z370 AORUS Ultra Gaming Motherboard.
ASUS ROG Strix Z390-I Gaming Mini-ITX Motherboard.
MSI X299 Gaming Pro Carbon ATX Motherboard.
ASUS TUF X299 Mark 1 Motherboard.

Related images about "Motherboard technology, motherboards includes and Top Manufacturers"

Similar Questions

What do the diagnostic LEDs on the GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard indicate and how can they help troubleshoot hardware issues?

Learn how the diagnostic LEDs on the GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard can help troubleshoot hardware issues by indicating specific problem areas for effective troubleshooting.

/ GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard diagnostic LEDs Answers: 1 view icon 142

What do the diagnostic LEDs on the GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard indicate and how can they help troubleshoot hardware issues?

Learn how the diagnostic LEDs on the GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard can help troubleshoot hardware issues by indicating specific problem areas for effective troubleshooting.

/ GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard diagnostic LEDs Answers: 1 view icon 216

How can I find the Comcast wireless network key to connect my device to the internet?

Learn how to find the Comcast wireless network key easily and connect your device to the internet for seamless browsing and streaming.

/ Comcast wireless network key Answers: 1 view icon 63

How can I find my Comcast router login information if I have forgotten it?

If you have forgotten your Comcast router login information, you can easily retrieve it by following a few simple steps. Learn more here.

/ Comcast router login information Answers: 1 view icon 57

Why is my Xiaomi smartphone not detecting or recognizing my SIM card and how can I troubleshoot this issue effectively?

Learn why your Xiaomi phone is not detecting your SIM card and how to troubleshoot this problem like a pro. Follow these tips to fix the issue quickly.

/ Xiaomi SIM card not working Answers: 1 view icon 45

How can I perform a Google account reset on my LG Stylo without losing any data or settings?

Learn how to reset your Google account on an LG Stylo without losing any data or settings. Follow simple steps to maintain your information intact.

/ LG Stylo Google account reset Answers: 1 view icon 47

How can I remove my Google account from an LG Stylo device without losing any data or factory resetting the phone?

Learn how to safely remove your Google account from your LG Stylo device without losing any data or resorting to a factory reset.

/ LG Stylo Google account removal Answers: 1 view icon 63

What are the common troubleshooting steps for interpreting error codes on the GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard error code chart?

Learn how to troubleshoot error codes on the GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard with these common steps. Ensure a smooth troubleshooting process for your system.

/ GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard error code chart Answers: 1 view icon 54

How can I recover my forgotten Comcast broadband password to regain access to my internet connection?

Recover your forgotten Comcast broadband password to easily regain access to your internet connection. Follow the steps provided to reset your password.

/ Comcast broadband password recovery Answers: 1 view icon 66

What are some helpful tips for activating a SIM card on a Xiaomi device to ensure smooth functionality?

Learn how to activate a SIM card on your Xiaomi device easily with these tips. Ensure smooth functionality and stay connected hassle-free!

/ Xiaomi SIM card activation tips Answers: 2 view icon 55

What are some common troubleshooting steps for issues with the Gigabyte GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard, and how can they be resolved?

Discover common troubleshooting steps for issues with the Gigabyte GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard and learn how to resolve them effectively.

/ Gigabyte GA-990FX-Gaming motherboard troubleshooti Answers: 1 view icon 28

How can I retrieve my Comcast Wi-Fi passphrase if I have forgotten it?

Forgot your Comcast Wi-Fi passphrase? Learn how to retrieve it effortlessly with our step-by-step guide. Say goodbye to connectivity issues!

/ Comcast Wi-Fi passphrase retrieval Answers: 1 view icon 31

How can I connect my Stylo 4 to my TV without using internet?

Learn how to connect your Stylo 4 to your TV without using internet with simple methods like using an HDMI cable or a wireless display adapter.

/ Stylo 4 to TV without internet Answers: 1 view icon 30

What steps should I take if I am experiencing issues with activating my SIM card on my Xiaomi device?

Having trouble activating your SIM card on your Xiaomi device? Follow these steps to troubleshoot and get your device up and running in no time.

/ Xiaomi SIM card activation troubleshooting Answers: 1 view icon 33

What is the default access code for a Comcast modem and how can it be changed for security purposes?

Secure your Comcast modem by changing the default access code for better security. Find out the default code and step-by-step instructions to change it here.

/ Comcast modem access code Answers: 1 view icon 33

onhlp.com

Onhlp.com ©2024

onhlp.com: Your Questions and Answers Resource with a Wealth of General Knowledge

Are you seeking a one-stop destination for comprehensive knowledge and answers to your burning questions? Look no further than onhlp.com! Our platform is your go-to source for a wide range of information, all conveniently presented in an easily accessible question and answer format.

At onhlp.com, we pride ourselves on being your reliable knowledge hub. Whether you're curious about technology, science, history, or any other subject under the sun, our extensive General Knowledge (GK) knowledge base has you covered. We've made it our mission to provide you with in-depth insights and facts on an array of topics. Read more

Warning!

onhlp.com is a questions and answers website created by users. Onhlp.com does not guarantee the accuracy of the information it publishes and cannot be held responsible for any damages resulting from actions taken based on this information. If you have any complaints regarding the published content, please send us a notification at the following email address: teptehelpdesk@gmail.com.